The employment situation in the first quarter "geili" old-age insurance "big move" benefits people's livelihood
Beijing, April 23 (reporter wang bin) "employment" has always been one of premier li keqiang's most concerned about the economic indicators, and the recent adjustment of pension rates, excess capacity of workers resettlement, distant medical treatment and other major livelihood policies have also been widely concerned. In response, the ministry of human resources and social security held a press conference yesterday on the progress of human resources and social security work in the first quarter.
First quarter employment data "geili" four channels to resettle excess capacity workers
From January to march, 3.18 million new jobs were created in urban areas, 32 percent of the total for the whole year, li said. At the end of the first quarter, the registered urban unemployment rate remained at 4.04 percent, down 0.01 percentage points year on year and month on month. In addition, from the perspective of supply and demand of human resources market, according to the ministry of human resources and social security's demand and supply of public employment service agencies in 100 cities, the current demand ratio is 1.07, indicating that the number of job demands is slightly larger than the number of job seekers.
In the context of increasing downward pressure on the economy, why the employment in the first quarter can maintain a relatively good situation? Li said the overall stable employment situation in the first quarter of this year is the result of a combination of factors. First, thanks to the reasonable range of economic development, China's GDP grew by 6.7% in the first quarter, which is within the reasonable range of economic operation. Second, it benefits from the continuous promotion of reform and innovation. Third, the policy of employment and entrepreneurship is making sustained efforts.
At the same time, li also pointed out that the downward pressure on the economy is increasing and the impact on employment is also deepening. The ministry of human resources and social security will take a series of measures to ensure employment stability. First, we will adopt multiple measures to address and resolve the problem of staff resettlement in excess capacity. Second, we will promote employment and entrepreneurship among key groups, especially college graduates. Third, we will continue to encourage entrepreneurship to create jobs and give full play to the multiplier effect of entrepreneurship in creating jobs. Fourth, we will continue to strengthen vocational training. Fifth, we will further improve public employment services, create an "Internet plus employment service" model, and improve the efficiency of matching supply and demand in the labor market.
We are particularly concerned about how to solve the problem of laid-off workers caused by overcapacity. According to li zhong, the specific channels for resettlement can be summarized as "four batches" : one is internal resettlement, which helps enterprises to realize internal resettlement by tapping potential. The ministry of human resources and social security has incorporated them into the employment support system to help them find jobs or start their own businesses as soon as possible. Third, a group of internal retirement, for the older, from the statutory retirement age of less than 5 years, re-employment is indeed more difficult workers, allow them to internal retirement, or the use of social custody, the way of the agency to retire, such as they reached the statutory retirement age to do retirement procedures. The ministry of human resources and social security has helped them find jobs by developing some public welfare positions.
Pension rates in 21 provinces were cut by 6.5 percent in May to adjust to non-uniform levels
Data show that in the first three months of this year, the total income of the five national social insurance funds was 1.21 trillion yuan, up 14.7 percent year-on-year. Total expenditure was 967.7 billion yuan, up 12.8 percent year-on-year. A pattern of universal use of CARDS in the fields of old-age insurance and medical insurance has basically taken shape nationwide.
In endowment insurance income respect, the state council decides recently, from May 1 inside two years, enterprise worker is basic endowment insurance unit capture expends scale to exceed 20% province, capture expends scale to drop to 20%; In provinces where the unit contribution ratio is 20% and the accumulative balance of the fund can be paid for more than 9 months at the end of 2015, it can be reduced to 19% by stages. The total rate of unemployment insurance will be reduced from the current 2% to 1%-1.5%, with the individual rate not exceeding 0.5%.
To this, li zhong says, at present each province worker is basic endowment insurance individual capture expends scale is 8%, the unit capture expends scale to have different: Shanghai is 21%, shandong and fujian are 18%, guangdong and zhejiang are 14%, other province is 20%. In accordance with the requirements, most of the provinces and cities are eligible to reduce the rate of enterprise endowment insurance. Specifically, there are 21 provinces, of which Shanghai has been reduced from 21% to 20%, and the remaining 20 provinces are Beijing, tianjin, shanxi, Inner Mongolia, jiangsu, anhui, jiangxi, henan, hubei, hunan, guangxi, hainan, chongqing, sichuan, yunnan, guizhou, Tibet, xinjiang, gansu and ningxia, which can be reduced from 20% to 19%.
"If these policies are put into place, the annual cost of enterprises will be reduced by more than 120 billion yuan." Sasihorfswe said.
In terms of the expenditure of old-age insurance, the state council has approved the adjustment of the basic pension level for the retirees of enterprises, government agencies and public institutions from January 1 this year to about 6.5% of the basic pension level in 2015. The previous 11 adjustments were in the 10% range.
In this regard, li explained that the adjustment is a comprehensive consideration of the current economic and social development and other factors to determine the comprehensive. 6.5% is the overall level of adjustment, not the base pension level, and it is not as simple as increasing the pension by 6.5% for every retiree.
It is reported, this adjustment will adjust according to norm, hook adjustment, with the method that tilts photograph to combine appropriately will adjust. "This adjustment method gives consideration to both fairness and efficiency and can properly adjust the income gap among retirees, reflecting the principle of paying more attention to fairness in the secondary distribution. At present, the ministry of human resources and social security requires all localities to formulate specific plans, reasonably determine adjustment methods and specific standards, and organize implementation after approval according to procedures. Sasihorfswe said.
The pension investment operation was implemented this year
As for the investment of endowment insurance fund, li zhong introduced that the ministry of human resources and social security is working hard from three aspects, including formulating supporting policies, getting to know the local situation and coordinating the national social security fund council.
"At present, we are cooperating with relevant departments to speed up the formulation of supporting documents such as entrusted investment management contract and entrusted investment management fund collection method. There has been very clear progress on these documents. Li zhong introduces, will roll out one by one according to mature method, come on stage as soon as possible endowment insurance invests the supporting file of operation.
At the same time, li zhong said that the ministry of human resources and social security is now learning about the situation in the provinces and connecting with them. "We mainly look to local authorities for information on progress, investment intentions and investment plans." According to li, some of the provinces that have made rapid progress have made plans and expressed positive intentions, while other places are also grasping the situation and conducting demonstration. The ministry of human resources and social security will give guidance to local governments, make clear the foundation, fund stock and storage structure, and consider overall investment arrangements.
According to li, the ministry of human resources and social security is currently coordinating with the national social security fund council to formulate relevant investment strategies for pension insurance, making clear the short - and long-term strategies, and formulating investment plans to ensure the implementation this year.
In 2017, direct settlement of medical expenses in different places was basically realized
Long-distance medical treatment directly settlement problem is one of the common people reflect the most prominent problem, the sasihorfswe gives the long-distance direct settlement schedule: go to a doctor in 2016 to achieve direct settlement, relocated retiree medical expenses by 2017 to a basic implementation of ginseng protect personnel to eligible for referral direct settlement of long-distance medical hospital expenses.
According to li, at present, the municipal pooling of medical insurance has been basically realized, and more than 60 percent of the problem of long-distance medical treatment has been solved. By solving the problem of long-distance medical treatment in the province, another 30 percent of such problems can be solved. At present, 30 provinces have realized the inter-provincial inter-hospital network, and 27 of them have realized the direct settlement of inter-provincial inter-hospital hospitalization costs.
The remaining 10 percent of the problem is to solve the problem of cross-provincial medical treatment. "In order to achieve this goal, one is to further accelerate the construction of state-level off-site medical settlement system; The second is to guide all regions to do a good job in the settlement of long-distance medical treatment; Third, we will work with relevant departments to further improve the system of working capital and graded diagnosis and treatment, including strengthening the supervision of medical services and other policies. Sasihorfswe said.
Finally, li zhong also responded to the excessive pay gap among the leaders of the reform of the compensation system of central enterprises. He pointed out that some central enterprises did not disclose the compensation of the 2015 leaders in the same scope. Some only disclosed the 2015 basic annual salary, while some included the previous annual performance annual salary. The next step will be to standardize the compensation information disclosure of the heads of central enterprises and unify the scope of information disclosure.
Li zhong pointed out that the compensation of subsidiaries or joint-stock companies of central enterprises is determined by the enterprises themselves. "Such as media, 6 million, the main is China International Marine Containers (Group) Co., Ltd, China merchants Group of central enterprises and secondary China ocean shipping (Group) the company has equity participation, the head of compensation does not belong to the central management of enterprise salary system reform policies, head of the scope of application, so not to adjust according to the way of the reform." Sasihorfswe said.
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